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Symptoms of common disease

Need a list of common diseases? The most common illnesses are listed here including information about their symptoms. They include the most common communicable diseases and  common infectious diseases. Most common bacterial diseases and common viral diseases can be gotten over quickly or treated medically by a doctor. Since these are so common, there’s definitely treatments for these common ailments. You will also get more information about major organ system, genetic diseases, central nervous system disorders and many more.

We will brief about Human body and Symptoms of various diseases

Click here for Systems of Human Body :

Different organs can work together to perform a common function, like how the parts of your digestive system break down food. We refer to an integrated unit as an organ system. Groups of organ systems work together to make complete, functional organisms, like us! There are 11 major organ systems in the human body.

Nervous System :

The nervous system allows us to perceive, comprehend, and respond to the world around us. The nervous system also operates the body’s essential physiologic functions, such as breathing and digestion..

Learn more about these body parts in the nervous system:

Brain : The brain is an organ that’s made up of a large mass of nerve tissue that’s protected within the skull. It plays a role in just about every major body system.

Some of its main functions include:

  • Processing sensory information
  • Regulating blood pressure and breathing
  • Releasing hormones

Spinal cord :  The spinal cord begins at the base of the brain and extends into the pelvis. Many of the nerves of the peripheral nervous system, or PNS, branch out from the spinal cord and travel to various parts of the body.

Meninges : Circulating within the meninges is a liquid substance known as the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This fluid cushions the brain and spinal cord to protect them from shocks that could lead to damage. CSF also acts as a transport system that delivers nutrients to different parts of the central nervous system, and also removes waste products.

Dura mater : In the central nervous system, there are three different layers that cover the spinal cord and brain. These are called the meninges, and their three levels consist of the: pia, arachnoid, and dura mater. Bone is situated above these layers, followed by periosteum (a fibrous membrane that covers bone) and skin. The dura mater is the top layer of the meninges, lying beneath the bone tissue.

Integumentary System :

The integumentary system is the set of organs that forms the external covering of the body and protects it from many threats such as infection, desiccation, abrasion, chemical assault and radiation damage. IN humans the integumentary system includes the skin – a thickened keratinized epithelium made of multiple layers of cells that is largely impervious to water.

It also contains specialized cells that secrete melanin to protect the body from the carcinogenic effects of UV rays and cells that have an immune function. Sweat glands that excrete wastes and regulate body temperature are also part of the integumentary system.

Somatosensory receptors and nociceptors are important components of this organ system that serve as warning sensors, allowing the body to move away from noxious stimuli.

Functions of the Integumentary System :

  • Barrier function
  • Thermoregulation
  • Excretion
  • Sensation and Chemical Synthesis

Respiratory System :

Every tissue within the body requires oxygen to function. The respiratory system, which includes air passages, pulmonary vessels, the lungs, and breathing muscles, provides oxygenated blood to the body tissues and removes waste gases.

Learn more about these body parts in the respiratory system:

Nose: is the body’s primary organ of smell and also functions as part of the body’s respiratory system.

Lungs : The cone-shaped lungs are sponge-like organs that fill the chest cavity and make up most of the lower respiratory tract. Their most important job is providing oxygen to capillaries so they can oxygenate blood.

Pharynx : The nasopharynx is, by definition, the upper part of the throat behind the nose. It is a part of the pharynx, which comprises three separate segments: the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and the hypopharynx.

Bronchi : are the main passageway into the lungs. When someone takes a breath through their nose or mouth, the air travels into the larynx.

Digestive System :

The digestive system enables your body to convert food into usable nutrients through a chemical breakdown process. This occurs through a system of tube-like of organs, including the esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, and intestines. .

Learn more about these body parts in the digestive system:

  • Mouth : A molar tooth is located in the posterior (back) section of the mouth. It is found in most mammals that use their posterior teeth to grind food. Twelve molars are usually present in an adult human, in groups of three. These teeth are typically larger than the premolars and have a larger surface area to in order to chew and grind food into easily digestible bits.
    • Tongue : is unique in that it is the only muscle that isn’t connected to bone at both ends. It is connected on one end to the hyoid bone, which is also unique as it is the only bone not connected to any other bone in the body. The tongue’s primary physiologic function is gustatory sensation (tasting) and aiding in mastication (chewing). It also helps with speech and sound formation.
    • Teeth : The typical adult mouth has 32 teeth: eight incisors, four canines, eight premolars, and 12 molars (including four wisdom teeth).The canines, also called cuspid or eye-teeth, are the longest teeth, located in the corners of the mouth.

Pharynx : The nasopharynx is, by definition, the upper part of the throat behind the nose. It is a part of the pharynx, which comprises three separate segments: the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and the hypopharynx.

  • Diaphragm : is the primary muscle used in the process of inspiration, or inhalation. It is a dome-shaped sheet of muscle that is inserted into the lower ribs. Lying at the base of the thorax (chest), it separates the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity. It is a thin, skeletal muscle that can contract voluntarily.

Stomach : is located in the upper-left area of the abdomen below the liver and next to the spleen. The stomach is located in the upper-left area of the abdomen below the liver and next to the spleen. Its main function is to store and break down the foods and liquids that we consume before those contents travel to other organs to be further digested.

Spleen : is the organ that is responsible for both the storage and purification of red blood cells. It is positioned in the left upper abdomen, and is the largest organ of the lymphatic system. The spleen serves a critical role in immune function because it purifies the blood and helps the immune system to recognize and attack foreign pathogens and allergens.

Liver : is your body’s largest solid organ. On average, it weighs around 3 pounds in adulthood and is roughly the size of a football. This organ is vital to the body’s metabolic functions and immune system. Without a functioning liver, a person cannot survive.

The liver’s position is mostly in the right upper portion of the stomach, just below the diaphragm A portion of the liver goes into the left upper abdomen as well.

  • Gallbladder : The gallbladder is a pear-shaped, hollow structure located under the liver and on the right side of the abdomen. Its primary function is to store and concentrate bile, a yellow-brown digestive enzyme produced by the liver. The gallbladder is part of the biliary tract.

Pancreas: The pancreas is a glandular organ that produces a number of hormones essential to the body. It forms an integral part of the digestive system. The pancreas is located below and behind the stomach, in the curve of the duodenum, which is a part of the small intestine.

Small intestine : The small intestine is made up of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. Together with the esophagus, large intestine, and the stomach, it forms the gastrointestinal tract. In living humans, the small intestine alone measures about 6 to 7 meters long. After death, this length can increase by up to half. It has a surface area of over 200 meters.

Excretory System :

The excretory system consists of the organs that remove metabolic wastes from the body. In humans, this includes the removal of liquid nitrogenous waste in the form of urine, and solid wastes especially from the breakdown of hemoglobin. The removal of urine is accomplished by the urinary tract, while solid wastes are expelled through egestion from the large intestine.

The excretory system functions as the bulwark and balance to the digestive system. While we consume food and drink to nourish the body and provide energy, the excretory system ensures that homeostasis is maintained, irrespective of changes to the nutritive value of food.

It regulates the fluid balance of the body, maintaining adequate salt and water levels. When there is excess water, it is removed through the production of hypotonic urine. When we consume salty food, or lose water through perspiration, the concentration of urine is increased, to preserve the osmolarity of body fluids.

The excretory system, especially the urinary tract, is necessary for preventing the toxic build up of nitrogenous wastes, such as ammonia or urea.

Excretory System organs :

  • Kidneys
  • Urinary Bladder
  • Liver
  • Large Intestine
  • Skin

Skeletal System :

The skeletal system gives the body its basic framework, providing structure, protection, and movement. The 206 bones in the body also produce blood cells, store important minerals, and release hormones necessary for bodily functions. Unlike other living organs, bones are firm and strong, but they have their own blood, lymphatic vessels, and nerves.

Muscular System :

The muscular system is comprised of the sum total of muscles throughout the body that move the skeleton, maintain posture through steady contraction, and generate heat through cell metabolism. Without muscle, humans could not live. The primary job of muscle is to move the bones of the skeleton, but muscles also enable the heart to beat and constitute the walls of other important hollow organs. Humans have three types of muscle. Muscle movement happens when neurological signals produce electrical changes in muscle cells

Circulatory System:

The circulatory system is a body-wide network of blood, blood vessels, and lymph. Powered by the heart, it is the body’s distribution system to organs with oxygen, hormones and essential nutrients that helps it function properly.

Learn more about these body parts in the circulatory system:

Heart : is a mostly hollow, muscular organ composed of cardiac muscles and connective tissue that acts as a pump to distribute blood throughout the body’s tissues. The heart is the epicenter of the circulatory system, which supplies the body with oxygen and other important nutrients needed to sustain life.

Lungs: The cone-shaped lungs are sponge-like organs that fill the chest cavity and make up most of the lower respiratory tract. Their most important job is providing oxygen to capillaries so they can oxygenate blood.

Brain :  is an organ that’s made up of a large mass of nerve tissue that’s protected within the skull. It plays a role in just about every major body system.

Kidneys : are two bean-shaped organs in the renal system. They help the body pass waste as urine. They also help filter blood before sending it back to the heart.

The kidneys perform many crucial functions, including:

  • Maintaining overall fluid balance
  • Regulating and filtering minerals from blood
  • Filtering waste materials from food, medications, and toxic substances
  • Creating hormones that help produce red blood cells, promote bone health, and regulate blood pressure.

Endocrine System :

Human endocrine system, group of ductless gland that regulate body processes by secreting chemical substances called hormones. Hormones act on nearby tissues or are carried in the bloodstream to act on specific target organs and distant tissues. Diseases of the endocrine system  can result from the oversecretion or undersecretion of hormones or from the inability of target organs or tissues to respond to hormones effectively.

Your endocrine system includes all the glands in your body that make hormones. These chemical messengers play a key role in making sure your body works the way it should.

If your endocrine system isn’t healthy, you might have problems developing during puberty, getting pregnant, or managing stress. You also might gain weight easily, have weak bones, or lack energy because too much sugar stays in your blood instead of moving into your cells where it’s needed for energy.

Key parts of Endocrine System :

  • Hypothalamus
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenals
  • Pancreas
  • Ovaries
  • Testes

Reproductive System – Female :

The female reproductive system encompasses all necessary female organs needed to conceive and bear a child..

Learn more about these body parts in the female reproductive system:

Vagina : In the central nervous system, there are three different layers that cover the spinal cord and brain. These are called the meninges, and their three levels consist of the: pia, arachnoid, and dura mater. Bone is situated above these layers, followed by periosteum (a fibrous membrane that covers bone) and skin. The dura mater is the top layer of the meninges, lying beneath the bone tissue.

Cervix :  The cervix of the uterus, also known as the cervix or uterine cervix, attaches the vagina to the uterus. the length of the cervix can be affected by age and childbirth, along with individual (genetic) variations.

Ovary : The ovary is a ductless reproductive gland in which the female reproductive cells are produced. Females have a pair of ovaries, held by a membrane beside the uterus on each side of the lower abdomen. The ovary is needed in reproduction since it is responsible for producing the female reproductive cells, or ova.

Uterus : The uterus is an organ of the female reproductive system. It’s shaped like an upside-down pear and has thick walls. The uterus’s main function is to house and nourish a fetus until it’s ready for birth. The uterus sits in the middle of the pelvis, behind the bladder and in front of the rectum.

Reproductive System – Male :

The male reproductive system consists of a series of organs used during sexual intercourse and procreation. The primary organs are the gonads, or sex glands, which produce sperm. In men, these are the testes.

Learn more about these body parts in the male reproductive system:

Penis :  The glans penis can be described as the rounded head (or tip) of the penis. Located in the middle of the glans penis is the opening of the urethra, the tube through which semen and urine exits the body. Often referred to as the penis’s ‘head,’ the term glans penis was derived from the Latin word for ‘acorn.’ This nickname was chosen due to the acorn-like shape of the glans of the penis.

Testis : The testes (plural) are the most essential organs of the male reproductive system. They are the glands where sperm and testosterone are produced.

Epididymis :  The epididymis is a long, coiled tube that stores sperm and transports it from the testes.

 Vas deferens :  The ductus deferens, or the vas deferens, is a male anatomical part; there are two of these ducts and their purpose is to carry ejaculatory sperm out of the epididymis.

Lympathic ( Immune ) System :

The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs which passes through all our tissues that help rid the body of toxins, waste and other unwanted materials. The primary function of the lymphatic system is to transport lymph, a fluid containing infection-fighting white blood cells, throughout the body.

The lymphatic system primarily consists of lymphatic vessels, which are similar to the circulatory system’s veins and capillaries. The vessels are connected to lymph nodes, where the lymph is filtered. The tonsils, adenoids, spleen and thymus are all part of the lymphatic system.

Facts about lympathic System :

  • The lymphatic system plays a key role in the immune system, fluid balance, and absorption of fats and fat-soluble nutrients.
  • As lymph vessels drain fluid from body tissues, this enables foreign material to be delivered to the lymph nodes for assessment by immune system cells.
  • The lymph nodes swell in response to infection, due to a build-up of lymph fluid, bacteria, or other organisms and immune system cells.
  • Lymph nodes can also become infected, in a condition known as lymphadenitis.
  • If lymph nodes remain swollen, if they are hard and rubbery, and if there are other symptoms, you should see a doctor.

 

Click here for Symptoms of common Disease A - C :

Allergies : An allergy is a reaction the body has to a particular food or substance.

They are particularly common in children. Some allergies go away as a child gets older, although many are lifelong. Adults can develop allergies to things they weren’t previously allergic to.

Having an allergy can be a nuisance and affect your everyday activities, but most allergic reactions are mild and can be largely kept under control. Severe reactions can occasionally occur, but these are uncommon.

Allergies to pollen (hay fever) occur during certain parts of the year. You can have an allergy to:

  • Tree pollen, released during spring
  • Grass pollen, released during the end of spring and beginning of summer
  • Weed pollen, released any time from early spring to late autumn

It’s highly likely that the pollen will also cause other symptoms, such as sneezing and a runny or blocked nose.

Symptoms of Allergic reactions : Allergic reactions usually happen quickly within a few minutes of exposure to an allergen (Substances that cause allergic reactions are called allergens like Grass, Dust, Food, Insect bites, medication, Chemicals Etc., ).

They can cause:

  • Sneezing
  • Runny or blocked nose
  • Red, itchy, watery eyes
  • Wheezing and coughing
  • A red, itchy rash
  • Worsening of asthma or eczema symptoms

Most allergic reactions are mild, but occasionally a severe reaction called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock can occur. This is a medical emergency and needs urgent treatment.

Anxiety during childhood : Anxiety is a normal part of childhood. In most cases, anxiety in children is short-lived and goes away after a while. Some examples of normal worries might be:

  • Being shy or being worrying about being laughed at
  • Being upset before and/or after being left at childcare or school
  • Worrying about schoolwork, sport or their health

But many children experience anxiety more intensely and more often than other children, stopping them from getting the most out of life.

Signs of Anxiety

  • Try to avoid the situation or issue they’re worried about
  • Get headaches and stomach aches often, especially when away from home
  • Have trouble sleeping or have vivid nightmares
  • Worry often
  • Need a lot of reassurance
  • Want things to be perfect and get upset if they’re not

Anxiety in Teenagers : A bit of anxiety from time to time is normal, especially for teenagers. It can help with motivation around school, sport or work, and can help keep them out of danger. But if these anxious feelings don’t go away, they can interfere with concentrating at school, socialising with friends or enjoying life.

Signs of Anxiety disorders :

  • Feeling constantly agitated, tense, or restless
  • Having physical signs, including sore muscles, a racing heart, sweating, headache or stomach aches
  • Being sensitive to criticism or extremely self-conscious
  • Always expecting the worst to happen
  • Avoiding difficult or new situations
  • Being withdrawn
  • Having trouble concentrating and starting or finishing schoolwork
  • Having trouble sleeping.

Types of anxiety in teenagers :

  • Social phobia or social anxiety
  • Generalised anxiety disorder
  • Specific phobias
  • Panic disorder
  • Agoraphobia
  • Separation anxiety

Arthritis: Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint. The two most common types of arthritis are: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

The symptoms of arthritis you experience will vary depending on the type you have.

Symptoms of Arthritis :

It’s important to have an accurate diagnosis if you have:

  • Joint pain, tenderness and stiffness
  • Inflammation in and around the joints
  • Restricted movement of the joints
  • Warm, red skin over the affected joint
  • Weakness and muscle wasting.

Chest Infection : Chest infections are common, especially after a cold or flu during autumn and winter. Although most are mild and get better on their own, some can be serious or even life-threatening.

Symptoms of Chest Infection : The main symptoms of a chest infection can include:

  • A persistent cough
  • Coughing up yellow or green phlegm (thick mucus), or coughing up blood
  • Breathlessness or rapid and shallow breathing
  • Wheezing
  • A high temperature (fever)
  • A rapid heartbeat
  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Feeling confused and disorientated

You may also experience more general symptoms of an infection, such as a headache, fatigue, sweating, loss of appetite, or joint and muscle pain.

Chickenpox : Chickenpox is a mild and common childhood illness that most children catch at some point. It causes a rash of red, itchy spots that turn into fluid-filled blisters. They then crust over to form scabs, which eventually drop off.

Some children have only a few spots, but other children can have spots that cover their entire body.

Symptoms of Chickenpox : The most commonly recognised chickenpox symptom is a spotty, blistering red rash that can cover the entire body.

The spots normally appear in clusters and tend to be:

  • Behind the ears
  • On the face
  • Over the scalp
  • On the chest and belly
  • On the arms and legs

Although the rash starts as small, itchy red spots, these develop a blister on top and become intensely itchy after about 12-14 hours.

After a day or two, the fluid in the blisters gets cloudy and they begin to dry out and crust over.

After 1 to 2 weeks, the crusting skin will fall off naturally.

New spots can keep appearing in waves for 3 to 5 days after the rash begins. Therefore, different clusters of spots may be at different stages of blistering or drying out.

Cold Sores : Cold sores are small blisters that develop on the lips or around the mouth. They’re caused by the herpes simplex virus and usually clear up without treatment within 7 to 10 days.

An outbreak of cold sores may happen some time later. Cold sores often start with a tingling, itching or burning sensation around your mouth. Small fluid-filled sores then appear, usually on the edges of your lower lip.

Symptoms of Cold Sores :

Symptoms of the primary infection are most likely to develop in children younger than five years old. Symptoms include:

  • Swollen and irritated gums with small, painful sores in and around the mouth – this is known as herpes simplex gingivostomatitis
  • Sore throat and swollen glands
  • producing more saliva than normal
  • high temperature (fever) of 100.4F or above
  • dehydration
  • feeling sick (nausea)
  • headaches

Common Cold : A cold is a mild viral infection of the nose, throat, sinuses and upper airways. It’s very common and usually clears up on its own within a week or two.

Symptoms of Common Cold :

  • A sore throat
  • A blocked or runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • A cough
  • A hoarse Voice
  • Generally feeling unwell

More severe symptoms, including a high temperature (fever), headache and aching muscles can also occur, although these tend to be associated more with flu

Conjunctivitis : Conjunctivitis is a common condition that causes redness and inflammation of the thin layer of tissue that covers the front of the eye (the conjunctiva).

Symptoms of Conjunctivitis :  The symptoms of conjunctivitis will depend on what’s causing the condition.

However, the two main symptoms are usually:

  • Eye redness – as a result of the inflammation and widening of the tiny blood vessels in the conjunctiva (the thin layer of cells covering the front of the eyes)
  • A discharge – the conjunctiva contains thousands of cells that produce mucus and tiny glands that produce tears – inflammation causes the glands to become overactive, so that they produce more water and mucus

Only one eye tends to be affected at first, but symptoms usually affect both eyes within a few hours.

Infective conjunctivitis

If you have infective conjunctivitis, you may also have:

  • A burning sensation in your eyes
  • A feeling of grit in your eyes
  • A sticky coating on the eyelashes – usually when you first wake up in the morning
  • An enlarged lymph node (gland) in front of the ear

Allergic conjunctivitis

You may have itchy eyes if you have allergic conjunctivitis. The pattern of symptoms for allergic conjunctivitis depends on the substance you’re allergic to.

Constipation : Constipation is a common condition that affects people of all ages. It can mean that you’re not passing stools regularly or you’re unable to completely empty your bowel. Constipation can also cause your stools to be hard and lumpy, as well as unusually large or small.

 Symptoms of Constipation :  If you or your child pass stools less than usual, it could be a sign of constipation. It may also be more difficult to pass stools and you may feel unable to empty your bowel completely. Your stools may appear dry, hard and lumpy, as well as abnormally large or small.

Other symptoms can include:

  • Stomach ache and cramps
  • Feeling bloated
  • Feeling sick
  • Loss of appetite

A child with constipation may also have any of the following symptoms:

  • loss of appetite
  • a lack of energy
  • being irritable, angry or unhappy
  • foul-smelling wind and stools
  • stomach pain and discomfort
  • soiling their clothes
  • generally feeling unwell

Cough : A cough is a reflex action to clear your airways of mucus and irritants such as dust or smoke. It’s rarely a sign of anything serious.

A “dry cough” means it’s tickly and doesn’t produce any phlegm (thick mucus). A “chesty cough” means phlegm is produced to help clear your airways. Most coughs clear up within three weeks and don’t require any treatment. For more persistent coughs, it’s a good idea to see your GP so they can investigate the cause.

Symptoms of cough :

Short-term Cough :

Common causes of a short-term cough include:

  • an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) that affects the throat, windpipe or sinuses – examples are a cold, flu, laryngitis, sinusitis or whooping cough
  • a lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) that affects your lungs or lower airways – examples are acute bronchitis or pneumonia
  • an allergy, such as allergic rhinitis or hay fever
  • a flare-up of a long-term condition such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or chronic bronchitis
  • inhaled dust or smoke

In rare cases, a short-term cough may be the first sign of a health condition that causes a persistent cough.

Persistent coughs

A persistent cough may be caused by:

  • A long-term respiratory tract infection, such as chronic bronchitis
  • asthma – this also usually causes other symptoms, such as wheezing, chest tightness and shortness of breath
  • An allergy
  • Smoking – a smoker’s cough can also be a symptom of COPD
  • Bronchiectasis – where the airways of the lungs become abnormally widened
  • Postnasal drip – mucus dripping down the throat from the back of the nose, caused by a condition such as rhinitis or sinusitis
  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) – where the throat becomes irritated by leaking stomach acid
  • A prescribed medicine, such as an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE inhibitor), which is used to treat high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease

 

Click here for Symptoms of common Disease D - G :

Dehydration : Occurs when your body loses more fluid than you take in.

When the normal water content of your body is reduced, it upsets the balance of minerals (salts and sugar) in your body, which affects the way it functions. Water makes up over two-thirds of the healthy human body. It lubricates the joints and eyes, aids digestion, flushes out waste and toxins, and keeps the skin healthy.

Symptoms of dehydration :

  • Feeling thirsty and lightheaded
  • A dry mouth
  • Tiredness
  • Having dark colored, strong-smelling urine
  • Passing urine less often than usual

A baby may be dehydrated if they:

  • Have a sunken soft spot (fontanelle) on their head
  • Have few or no tears when they cry
  • Have fewer wet nappies
  • Are drowsy

The body is affected even when you lose a small amount of fluid. If dehydration is ongoing (chronic), it can affect your kidney function and increase the risk of kidney stones. It can also lead to muscle damage and constipation.

Dental Abscess : A dental abscess is a collection of pus that can form inside the teeth, in the gums, or in the bone that holds the teeth in place. It’s caused by a bacterial infection.

An abscess at the end of a tooth is called a periapical abscess. An abscess in the gum is called a periodontal abscess.

Symptoms of Dental Abscess :

  • An intense, throbbing pain in the affected tooth or gum that may come on suddenly and gets gradually worse
  • Pain that spreads to your ear, jaw and neck on the same side as the affected tooth or gum
  • Pain that’s worse when lying down, which may disturb your sleep
  • Redness and swelling in your face
  • A tender, discolored and/or loose tooth
  • Shiny, red and swollen gums
  • Sensitivity to hot or cold food and drink
  • Bad breath and/or an unpleasant taste in your mouth

Dental abscesses are often painful, but aren’t always. In either case, they should be looked at by a dentist.

Diarrhea : is passing looser or more frequent stools than is normal for you. It affects most people from time to time and is usually nothing to worry about. However, it can be distressing and unpleasant until it passes, which normally takes a few days to a week.

Symptoms of Diarrhea :

There are many different causes of diarrhea, but a bowel infection (gastroenteritis) is a common cause in both adults and children.

Gastroenteritis can be caused by:

  • A virus – such as norovirus or rotavirus
  • Bacteria – such as campylobacter and Escherichia coli (E. coli), which are often picked up from contaminated food
  • A parasite – such as the parasite that causes giardiasis, which is spread in contaminated water

Other possible causes of short-term diarrhea include:

  • Feelings of anxiety
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • A food allergy
  • Appendicitis
  • Damage to the lining of the intestines as a result of radiotherapy

Dry Mouth : It’s normal to occasionally have a dry mouth if you’re dehydrated or feeling nervous, but a persistently dry mouth can be a sign of an underlying problem.

You should see your dentist or GP if you have an unusually dry mouth (known as xerostomia) so they can try to determine the cause.

Symptoms of Dry Mouth : A dry mouth can occur when the salivary glands in your mouth don’t produce enough saliva.

This is often the result of dehydration, which means you don’t have enough fluid in your body to produce the saliva you need. It’s also common for your mouth to become dry if you’re feeling anxious or nervous.\

Earache : is a common problem, particularly in children. It can be worrying, but it’s usually only caused by a minor infection and will often get better in a few days without treatment. Earache can be a sharp, dull or burning ear pain that comes and goes or is constant. One or both ears may be affected.

Common Causes of Earache :

  • Ear Infections
  • Glue ear
  • Damage to the ear
  • Earwax or an object in an ear
  • Throat Infections
  • A problem with your Jaw
  • A dental abscess

Epilepsy :  is a condition that affects the brain and causes repeated seizures (The cells in the brain, known as neurons, conduct electrical signals and communicate with each other in the brain using chemical messengers. During a seizure, there are abnormal bursts of neurons firing off electrical impulses, which can cause the brain and body to behave strangely).

Symptoms of Epilepsy :

The main symptoms of epilepsy are repeated seizures. There are many different types of seizure, depending on the area of the brain affected.

People with epilepsy can experience any type of seizure, although most people have a consistent pattern of symptoms.

Seizures can occur when you are awake or asleep.

Doctors classify seizures by how much of the brain is affected. There are:

  • Partial (or focal) seizures – where only a small part of the brain is affected
  • Generalised seizures – where most or all of the brain is affected

Some seizures do not fit into these categories and are known as unclassified seizures.

Fever in Children : A fever is a high temperature. As a general rule, in children a temperature of over 99.5F  (37.5C) is a fever. As a parent it can be extremely worrying if your child has a high temperature. However, it’s very common and often clears up by itself without treatment.

Causes of high fever :  Most fevers are caused by infections or other illnesses. The high body temperature makes it more difficult for the bacteria and viruses that cause infections to survive.

Common conditions that can cause fevers include:

  • Upper respiratory tract infections (RTIs)
  • Flu
  • Ear infections
  • Roseola – a virus that causes a temperature and a rash
  • Tonsillitis
  • Kidney or urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Common childhood illnesses, such as chickenpox and whooping cough

Flu : (influenza) is a common infectious viral illness spread by coughs and sneezes. It can be very unpleasant, but you’ll usually begin to feel better within about a week. You can catch flu all year round, but it’s especially common in winter, which is why it’s also known as seasonal flu.

Symptoms of Flu :

  • A sudden fever – a temperature of 100.4F ( 38C ) or above
  • A dry, chesty cough
  • A headache
  • Tiredness and weakness
  • Chills
  • Aching muscles
  • Limb or joint pain
  • Diarrhea or abdominal (tummy) pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • A sore throat
  • A runny or blocked nose
  • Sneezing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Difficulty sleeping

Food poisoning : is an illness caused by eating contaminated food. It’s not usually serious and most people get better within a few days without treatment.

Symptoms :  They may start at any point between a few hours and several weeks later.

  • Feeling sick (nausea)
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea, which may contain blood or mucus
  • Stomach cramps and abdominal (tummy) pain
  • A lack of energy and weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • A high temperature (fever)
  • Aching muscles
  • Chills

In most cases, these symptoms will pass in a few days and you will make a full recovery.

Gallstones : are small stones, usually made of cholesterol, that form in the gallbladder. In most cases they don’t cause any symptoms and don’t need to be treated.

However, if a gallstone becomes trapped in a duct (opening) inside the gallbladder it can trigger a sudden intense abdominal pain that usually lasts between 1 and 5 hours. This type of abdominal pain is known as biliary colic.

Symptoms :

The pain can be felt:

  • In the centre of your abdomen (tummy)
  • Just under the ribs on your right-hand side – it may spread from here to your side or shoulder blade

Other Symptoms

  • A high temperature of 100.4F (38C) or above
  • More persistent pain
  • A rapid heartbeat
  • Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice)
  • Itchy skin
  • Diarrhea
  • Chills or shivering attacks
  • Confusion
  • A loss of appetite

Gout : is a type of arthritis in which small crystals form inside and around the joints. It causes sudden attacks of severe pain and swelling.

The condition mainly affects men over 30 and women after the menopause. Overall, gout is more common in men than women. Gout can be extremely painful and debilitating, but treatments are available to help relieve the symptoms and prevent further attacks.

Symptoms of Gout :

  • Sudden attack of severe pain in one or more joints, typically your big toe.
  • The joint feeling hot and very tender, to the point of being unable to bear anything touching it
  • Swelling in and around the affected joint
  • Red, shiny skin over the affected joint
  • Peeling, itchy and flaky skin as the swelling goes down

Gout can affect almost any joint and can occur in more than one joint at the same time.

The joints towards the ends of the limbs tend to be affected more often, including the:

  • Toes – particularly the big toe joint
  • Midfoot (where your shoelaces sit)
  • Ankles
  • Knees
  • Fingers
  • Wrists
  • Elbows

 

Click here for Symptoms of common Disease H - M :

Haemorrhoids (Piles) :  are swellings containing enlarged blood vessels that are found inside or around the bottom (the rectum and anus). In many cases, haemorrhoids don’t cause symptoms, and some people don’t even realise they have them.

Symptoms :

  • Bleeding after passing a stool (the blood is usually bright red)
  • Itchy bottom
  • A lump hanging down outside of the anus, which may need to be pushed back in after passing a stool
  • A mucus discharge after passing a stool
  • Soreness, redness and swelling around your anus

Headache : Millions of people around the globe get headaches regularly, making them one of the most common health complaints. But most aren’t serious and are easily treated.In many cases, you can treat your headaches at home with over-the-counter painkillers and lifestyle changes, such as getting more rest and drinking enough fluids.

Types of headache :

Tension headache – Due to stress, poor posture, skipping meals and dehydration.

Migraines – usually felt as a severe, throbbing pain at the front or side of the head. Some people also have other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting and increased sensitivity to light or sound.

Cluster headache – excruciatingly painful, causing intense pain around one eye, and often occur with other symptoms, such as a watering or red eye and a blocked or runny nose.

Medication / painkiller headache – is a side effect of taking a particular medication. Frequent headaches can also be caused by taking too many painkillers.

Hormone headache – in women are often caused by hormones, and many women notice a link with their periods. The combined contraceptive pill, the menopause and pregnancy are also potential triggers.

Other causes of headache :

  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • A head injury or concussion
  • A cold or flu
  • Temporomandibular disorders – problems affecting the “chewing” muscles and the joints between the lower jaw and the base of the skull
  • Sinusitis – inflammation of the lining of the sinuses
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning

Cholesterol : is a fatty substance known as a lipid and is vital for the normal functioning of the body. It’s mainly made by the liver, but can also be found in some foods. High cholesterol itself doesn’t usually cause any symptoms, but it increases your risk of serious health conditions.

What causes high Cholesterol :

  • An unhealthy diet – in particular, eating high levels of saturated fat
  • Smoking – a chemical found in cigarettes called acrolein stops HDL transporting cholesterol from fatty deposits to the liver, leading to narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis)
  • Having diabetes or high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Having a family history of stroke or heart disease
  • There’s also an inherited condition called familial hypercholesterolaemia, which can cause high cholesterol even in someone who eats healthily.

High Cholesterol can increase the risk of  :

  • Narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis)
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Transient ischaemic attack (TIA) – often known as a “mini stroke”
  • Peripheral arterial disease (PAD)

Indigestion : Can be pain or discomfort in your upper abdomen (dyspepsia) or burning pain behind the breastbone (heartburn). Dyspepsia and heartburn may occur together or on their own. Symptoms usually appear soon after eating or drinking.

Symptoms : The main symptom of indigestion is pain or a feeling of discomfort in your upper abdomen (dyspepsia).

  • Feeling uncomfortably full or heavy
  • Belching or flatulence (passing wind)
  • Bringing food or fluid back up from your stomach (reflux)
  • Bloating
  • Feeling sick (nausea)
  • Vomiting

Itching : is an unpleasant sensation that compels a person to scratch the affected area. The medical name for itching is pruritus.

Itching can affect any area of the body. It can either be:

  • Generalised – where itching occurs over the whole body
  • Localised – where itching only occurs in a particular area

Sometimes, there may be a rash or spot where the itching occurs.

Causes of Itching :

  • Dry skin
  • Eczema – where the skin is dry, red, flaky and itchy
  • Contact dermatitis – inflammation of the skin that occurs when you come into contact with an irritant or allergen (see below)
  • Urticaria – also known as hives, welts or nettle rash; urticaria is triggered by an allergen and causes a raised, red itchy rash to develop
  • Lichen planus – an itchy rash of unknown cause
  • Psoriasis – a skin condition that causes red, flaky, crusty patches of skin covered with silvery scales
  • Dandruff –  a common skin condition that causes dry white or grey flakes of dead skin to appear in the scalp or hair
  • Folliculitis – a skin condition caused by inflamed hair follicles
  • Prurigo – small blisters (fluid-filled swellings) that are very itchy
  • Cosmetic ingredients, such as preservatives, fragrances, hair dye and nail varnish hardeners
  • Certain metals, such as nickel or cobalt in jewellery
  • Rubber – including latex
  • Textiles – particularly the dyes and resins that are contained in them
  • Some plants – such as chrysanthemums, sunflowers, daffodils, tulips and primula
  • An allergy to certain foods or types of medication (for example, aspirin and a group of medicines called opioids)
  • Prickly heat – an itchy rash that appears in hot, humid weather conditions
  • Sunburn – skin damage caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays

Kidney stones :  Can develop in one or both kidneys and most often affect people aged 30 to 60.

The medical term for kidney stones is nephrolithiasis, and if they cause severe pain it’s known as renal colic.

Symptoms : Very small kidney stones are unlikely to cause many symptoms. It may even go undetected and pass out painlessly when you urinate.

  • Gets stuck in your kidney
  • Starts to travel down the ureter (the tube that attaches each kidney to the bladder) – the ureter is narrow and kidney stones can cause pain as they try to pass through
  • Causes an infection
  • A persistent ache in the lower back, which is sometimes also felt in the groin – men may have pain in their testicles and scrotum
  • Periods of intense pain in the back or side of your abdomen, or occasionally in your groin, which may last for minutes or hours
  • Feeling restless and unable to lie still
  • Nausea (feeling sick)
  • Needing to urinate more often than normal
  • Pain when you urinate (dysuria)
  • Blood in your urine (haematuria) – this may be caused by the stone scratching the kidney or ureter

Malnutrition : is a serious condition that occurs when a person’s diet doesn’t contain the right amount of nutrients. Malnutrition means “poor nutrition” and can refer to:

  • Undernutrition – when you don’t get enough nutrients
  • Overnutrition – when you get more nutrients than you need

Medical conditions that can lead to malnutrition include :

  • A condition that causes a lack of appetite, such as cancer, liver disease, persistent pain or nausea
  • A mental health condition, such as depression or schizophrenia, which may affect your ability to look after yourself
  • A health condition that requires frequent hospital admissions
  • A health condition that disrupts your body’s ability to digest food or absorb nutrients, such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
  • Dementia – people with dementia may be unable to communicate their needs when it comes to eating
  • Dysphagia – a condition that makes swallowing difficult or painful
  • Persistent vomiting or diarrhea
  • An eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa

Measles : is a highly infectious viral illness that can be very unpleasant and sometimes lead to serious complications. Anyone can get measles if they haven’t been vaccinated or they haven’t had it before, although it’s most common in young children. The infection usually clears in around 7 to 10 days.

Symptoms :

  • A runny or blocked nose
  • Sneezing
  • Watery eyes
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Sore, red eyes that may be sensitive to light
  • A high temperature (fever), which may reach around 40C (104F)
  • Small greyish-white spots in the mouth (see below)
  • Aches and pains
  • A cough
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tiredness, irritability and a general lack of energy
  • Many people with measles develop small greyish-white spots in their mouth before rash appears.

Measles Rash :

  • Is made up of small red-brown, flat or slightly raised spots that may join together into larger blotchy patches
  • Usually first appears on the head or neck, before spreading outwards to the rest of the body
  • Is slightly itchy for some people
  • Can look similar to other childhood conditions, such as slapped cheek syndrome, roseola or rubella.

Menopause : Is when a woman stops having periods and is no longer able to get pregnant naturally. Periods usually start to become less frequent over a few months or years before they stop altogether. Sometimes they can stop suddenly.

The menopause is a natural part of ageing that usually occurs between 45 and 55 years of age, as a woman’s oestrogen levels decline.

Symptoms :  Most women will experience some symptoms around the menopause. The duration and severity of these symptoms varies from woman to woman.

Symptoms usually start a few months or years before your periods stop, known as the perimenopause, and can persist for some time afterwards.

  • Hot flushes – short, sudden feelings of heat, usually in the face, neck and chest, which can make your skin red and sweaty
  • Night sweats – hot flushes that occur at night
  • Difficulty sleeping – this may make you feel tired and irritable during the day
  • A reduced sex drive (libido)
  • Problems with memory and concentration
  • Vaginal dryness and pain, itching or discomfort during sex
  • Headaches
  • Mood changes, such as low mood or anxiety
  • Palpitations – heartbeats that suddenly become more noticeable
  •  Joint stiffness, aches and pains
  • Reduced muscle mass
  • Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), such as cystitis
  • Increases risk of developing certain other problems, such as weak bones (osteoporosis)

Migraine : A migraine is usually a moderate or severe headache felt as a throbbing pain on one side of the head. Many people also have symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and increased sensitivity to light or sound.

Migraine is a common health condition, affecting around one in every five women and around one in every 15 men. They usually begin in early adulthood.

There are several types of migraine, including:

  • Migraine with aura – where there are specific warning signs just before the migraine begins, such as seeing flashing lights
  • Migraine without aura – the most common type, where the migraine occurs without the specific warning signs
  • Migraine aura without headache, also known as silent migraine – where an aura or other migraine symptoms are experienced, but a headache doesn’t develop

Symptoms :

Symptoms of Aura :

About one in three people with migraines have temporary warning symptoms, known as aura, before a migraine. These include:

  • Visual problems – such as seeing flashing lights, zig-zag patterns or blind spots
  • Numbness or a tingling sensation like pins and needles – which usually starts in one hand and moves up your arm before affecting your face, lips and tongue
  • Feeling dizzy or off balance
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Loss of consciousness – although this is unusual

Aura symptoms typically develop over the course of about five minutes and last for up to an hour. Some people may experience aura followed by only a mild headache or no headache at all.

Other Symptoms :

  • Migraine is usually an intense headache on one side of the head.
  • In some cases, the pain can occur on both sides of your head and may affect your face or neck.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Increased sensitivity to light and sound – which is why many people with a migraine want to rest in a quiet, dark room

Some people also occasionally experience other symptoms, including:

  • Sweating
  • Poor concentration,
  • Feeling very hot or very cold
  • Abdominal (tummy) pain
  • Diarrhea

Not everyone with a migraine experiences these additional symptoms and some people may experience them without having a headache.

The symptoms of a migraine usually last between four hours and three days, although you may feel very tired for up to a week afterwards.  

 

Click here for Symptoms of common Disease O - P :

Obesity : The term ‘obese’ describes a person who’s very overweight, with a lot of body fat. Obesity is generally caused by eating too much and moving too little.

Causes of Obesity :

Calories : The energy value of food is measured in units called calories. The average physically active man needs about 2,500 calories a day to maintain a healthy weight, and the average physically active woman needs about 2,000 calories a day. This amount of calories may sound high, but it can be easy to reach if you eat certain types of food like Burger, fries etc., Another problem is that many people aren’t physically active, so lots of the calories they consume end up being stored in their body as fat.

Poor diet : Obesity doesn’t happen overnight. It develops gradually over time, as a result of poor diet and lifestyle choices, such as:

  • Eating large amounts of processed or fast food – that’s high in fat and sugar
  • Drinking too much alcohol – alcohol contains a lot of calories, and people who drink heavily are often overweight
  • Eating out a lot – you may be tempted to also have a starter or dessert in a restaurant, and the food can be higher in fat and sugar
  • Eating larger portions than you need – you may be encouraged to eat too much if your friends or relatives are also eating large portions
  • Drinking too many sugary drinks – including soft drinks and fruit juice
  • Comfort eating – if you have low self-esteem or feel depressed, you may eat to make yourself feel better

Unhealthy eating habits tend to run in families. You may learn bad eating habits from your parents when you’re young and continue them into adulthood.

Lack of Physical activity : is another important factor related to obesity. Many people have jobs that involve sitting at a desk for most of the day. They also rely on their cars, rather than walking or cycling.

For relaxation, many people tend to watch TV, browse the internet or play computer games, and rarely take regular exercise.

If you’re not active enough, you don’t use the energy provided by the food you eat, and the extra energy you consume is stored by the body as fat.

Genetics : Some people claim there’s no point trying to lose weight because “it runs in my family” or “it’s in my genes”.

While there are some rare genetic conditions that can cause obesity, such as Prader-Willi syndrome, there’s no reason why most people can’t lose weight.

It may be true that certain genetic traits inherited from your parents – such as having a large appetite – may make losing weight more difficult, but it certainly doesn’t make it impossible.

Medical reasons : In some cases, underlying medical conditions may contribute to weight gain. These include:

  • An underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) – where your thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones
  • Cushing’s syndrome – a rare disorder that causes the over-production of steroid hormones

However, if conditions such as these are properly diagnosed and treated, they should pose less of a barrier to weight loss.

Certain medicines for treating different illness can contribute to weight gain.

Risks of obesity : It’s very important to take steps to tackle obesity because, it can lead to a number of serious and potentially life-threatening conditions, such as:

  • type 2 diabetes
  • coronary heart disease
  • some types of cancer, such as breast cancer and bowel cancer
  • stroke

Obesity can also affect your quality of life and lead to psychological problems, such as depression and low self-esteem.

Parkinson’s disease : is a condition in which parts of the brain become progressively damaged over many years.

Symptoms : The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease usually develop gradually and are mild at first.

There are many different symptoms associated with Parkinson’s disease. Some of the more common symptoms are described below.

Main Symptom : The three main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease affect physical movement:

  • Tremor – shaking, which usually begins in the hand or arm and is more likely to occur when the limb is relaxed and resting
  • Slowness of movement (bradykinesia) – where physical movements are much slower than normal, which can make everyday tasks difficult and can result in a distinctive slow, shuffling walk with very small steps
  • Muscle stiffness (rigidity) – stiffness and tension in the muscles, which can make it difficult to move around and make facial expressions, and can result in painful muscle cramps (dystonia)

These main symptoms are sometimes referred to by doctors as parkinsonism as there can be causes other than Parkinson’s disease.

Physical symptoms

  • Balance problems – these can make someone with the condition more likely to have a fall  and injure themselves
  • Loss of sense of smell (anosmia) – sometimes occurs several years before other symptoms develop
  • Nerve pain – can cause unpleasant sensations, such as burning, coldness or numbness
  • Problems with urination – such as having to get up frequently during the night to urinate or unintentionally passing urine (urinary incontinence)
  • Constipation
  • An inability to obtain or sustain an erection (erectile dysfunction) in men
  • Difficulty becoming sexually aroused and achieving an orgasm (sexual dysfunction) in women
  • Dizziness, blurred vision or fainting when moving from a sitting or lying position to a standing one – caused by a sudden drop in blood pressure
  • Excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis)
  • Swallowing difficulties (dysphagia) – this can lead to malnutrition and dehydration
  • Excessive production of saliva (drooling)
  • Problems sleeping (insomnia) – this can result in excessive sleepiness during the day

Cognitive and psychiatric symptoms

  • Depression and anxiety
  • Mild cognitive impairment – slight memory problems and problems with activities that require planning and organisation
  • Dementia – a group of symptoms, including more severe memory problems, personality changes, seeing things that aren’t there (visual hallucinations) and believing things that aren’t true (delusions)

Personality disorders :  are conditions in which an individual differs significantly from an average person, in terms of how they think, perceive, feel or relate to others.

Changes in how a person feels and distorted beliefs about other people can lead to odd behavior, which can be distressing and may upset others.

Common features include:

  • Being overwhelmed by negative feelings such as distress, anxiety, worthlessness or anger
  • Avoiding other people and feeling empty and emotionally disconnected
  • Difficulty managing negative feelings without self-harming (for example, abusing drugs and alcohol, or taking overdoses) or, in rare cases, threatening other people
  • Odd behavior
  • Difficulty maintaining stable and close relationships, especially with partners, children and professional care takers
  • Sometimes, periods of losing contact with reality
  • Often experience other mental health problems, especially depression and substance misuse.

Symptoms typically get worse with stress.

Why personality disorder occurs : Personality disorders typically emerge in adolescence and continue into adulthood.

Personality disorders may be associated with genetic and family factors. Experiences of distress or fear during childhood, such as neglect or abuse, are common.

Types of personality disorder :

Cluster A personality disorder : An example is paranoid personality disorder, where the person is extremely distrustful and suspicious.

Cluster B personality disorder : An example is borderline personality disorder, where the person is emotionally unstable, has impulses to self-harm, and has intense and unstable relationships with others.

Cluster C personality disorder : An example is avoidant personality disorder, where the person appears painfully shy, socially inhibited, feels inadequate and is extremely sensitive to rejection. The person may want to be close to others, but lacks confidence to form a close relationship.

Histrionic personality disorder : is anxious about being ignored. As a result, they feel a compulsion (overwhelming urge) to be noticed and the centre of everyone’s attention.

Narcissistic personality disorder : Swings between seeing themselves as special and fearing they are worthless. They may act as if they have an inflated sense of their own importance and show an intense need for other people to look up to them.

Dependent personality disorder : A person with dependent personality disorder feels they have no ability to be independent. They may show an excessive need for others to look after them and are “clingy”.

Obsessive compulsive personality disorder :  is anxious about issues that seem out of control or “messy”. They are preoccupied with orderliness and ways to control their environment, and may come across to others as a “control freak”.

Pneumonia : is swelling (inflammation) of the tissue in one or both lungs. It’s usually caused by a bacterial infection. At the end of the breathing tubes in your lungs are clusters of tiny air sacs. If you have pneumonia, these tiny sacs become inflamed and fill up with fluid.

Symptoms : The symptoms of pneumonia can develop suddenly over 24 to 48 hours, or they may come on more slowly over several days.

Common symptoms of pneumonia include:

  • A cough – which may be dry, or produce thick yellow, green, brown or blood-stained mucus (phlegm)
  • Difficulty in breathing – your breathing may be rapid and shallow, and you may feel breathless, even when resting
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Fever
  • Feeling generally unwell
  • Sweating and shivering
  • Loss of appetite
  • Chest pain – which gets worse when breathing or coughing

Less common symptoms include:

  • Coughing up blood (haemoptysis)
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Wheezing
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Feeling confused and disorientated, particularly in elderly people

Psychosis : is a mental health problem that causes people to perceive or interpret things differently from those around them. This might involve hallucinations or delusions.

Symptoms :

  • Hallucinations – where a person hears, sees and, in some cases, feels, smells or tastes things that aren’t there; a common hallucination is hearing voices
  • Delusions – where a person believes things that, when examined rationally, are obviously untrue – for example, thinking your next door neighbor is planning to kill you

The combination of hallucinations and delusional thinking can often severely disrupt perception, thinking, emotion, and behavior.

Causes of Psychosis : Psychosis isn’t a condition in itself – it’s triggered by other conditions.

It’s sometimes possible to identify the cause of psychosis as a specific mental health condition, such as:

  • Schizophrenia – a condition that causes a range of psychological symptoms, including hallucinations and delusions
  • Bipolar disorder – a mental health condition that affects mood; a person with bipolar disorder can have episodes of depression (lows) and mania (highs)
  • Severe depression – some people with depression also have symptoms of psychosis when they’re very depressed 

 

Click here for Symptoms of common Disease S - V :

Scabies : is a contagious skin condition caused by tiny mites that burrow into the skin.

Symptoms : The itching is often worse at night, when your skin is warmer. It may take 4 to 6 weeks before the itching starts because this is how long it takes for the body to react to mite droppings.

The scabies rash consists of tiny red spots. Scratching the rash may cause crusty sores to develop.

Burrow marks can be found anywhere on the body. They’re short (1cm or less), wavy, silver-coloured lines on the skin, with a black dot at one end that can be seen with a magnifying glass.

In adults, burrow marks often appear in the following areas:

  • The folds of skin between fingers and toes
  • The palms of the hands
  • The soles and sides of the feet
  • The wrists
  • The elbows
  • Around the nipples (in women)
  • Around the genital area (in men)

The rash usually affects the whole body, apart from the head. The following areas can be particularly affected:

  • The underarm area
  • Around the waist
  • The inside of the elbow
  • The lower buttocks
  • The lower legs
  • The soles of the feet
  • The knees
  • The shoulder blades
  • The female genital area
  • The groin
  • Around the ankles

In infants and young children, burrow marks tend to appear in different places on their body, including on the:

  • Face
  • Head
  • Neck
  • Scalp
  • Palms of the hands
  • Soles of the feet

Schizophrenia : is a long-term mental health condition that causes a range of different psychological symptoms.

Symptoms :

  • Positive symptoms – represent a change in behavior or thoughts, such as hallucinations or delusions.
  • Thought disorder – People experiencing psychosis often have trouble keeping track of their thoughts and conversations. Some people find it hard to concentrate and will drift from one idea to another.
  • Changes in behavior and thoughts – A person’s behavior may become more disorganised and unpredictable, and their appearance or dress may seem unusual to others. People with schizophrenia may behave inappropriately or become extremely agitated and shout or swear for no reason.
  • Negative symptoms : represent a withdrawal or lack of function that you would usually expect to see in a healthy person; for example, people with schizophrenia often appear emotionless, flat and apathetic
    • Losing interest and motivation in life and activities, including relationships and sex
    • Lack of concentration, not wanting to leave the house, and changes in sleeping patterns
    • Being less likely to initiate conversations and feeling uncomfortable with people, or feeling there is nothing to say

Sore Throats : are very common and usually nothing to worry about. They normally get better within a week. Most are caused by minor illnesses such as colds or flu and can be treated at home.

Causes of Sore Throat :

Common Cause :

  • Colds or flu – you may also have a blocked or runny nose, a cough, a high temperature (fever), a headache and general aches
  • Laryngitis (inflammation of the voice box) – you may also have a hoarse voice, a dry cough and a constant need to clear your throat
  • Tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils) – you may also have red or spotty tonsils, discomfort when swallowing and a fever
  • Strep throat (a bacterial throat infection) – you may also have swollen glands in your neck, discomfort when swallowing and tonsillitis
  • Glandular fever – you may also feel very tired and have a fever and swollen glands in your neck

Less common cause :

  • Quinsy (a painful collection of pus at the back of the throat) – the pain may be severe and you may also have difficulty opening your mouth or difficulty swallowing
  • Epiglottitis (inflammation of the flap of tissue at the back of the throat) – the pain may be severe and you may have difficulty breathing and difficulty swallowing.

Tonsillitis : is inflammation of the tonsils. It’s usually caused by a viral infection or, less commonly, a bacterial infection. Tonsillitis is a common condition in children, teenagers and young adults.

Symptoms:

  • Sore throat
  • Are coated or have white, pus-filled spots on them
  • high temperature (fever) over 100.4F ( 38C )
  • Coughing
  • Headache
  • Earache
  • Feeling sick
  • Feeling tired
  • Swollen, painful lymph glands in your neck
  • Loss of voice or changes to your voice

 Tooth decay : Can occur when acid is produced from plaque, which builds up on your teeth. If plaque is allowed to build up, it can lead to further problems, such as dental caries (holes in the teeth), gum disease or dental abscesses, which are collections of pus at the end of the teeth or in the gums.

Symptoms : Tooth decay may not cause any pain.

  • Toothache – either continuous pain keeping you awake or occasional sharp pain without an obvious cause
  • Tooth sensitivity – you may feel tenderness or pain when eating or drinking something hot, cold or sweet
  • Grey, brown or black spots appearing on your teeth
  • Bad breath
  • An unpleasant taste in your mouth

Visit your dentist regularly, so early tooth decay can be treated as soon as possible and the prevention of decay can begin. Tooth decay is much easier and cheaper to treat in its early stages. Dentists can usually identify tooth decay and further problems with a simple examination or X-ray.

Vertigo :  is a symptom, rather than a condition itself. It’s the sensation that you, or the environment around you, is moving or spinning. This feeling may be barely noticeable, or it may be so severe that you find it difficult to keep your balance and do everyday tasks.

Attacks of vertigo can develop suddenly and last for a few seconds, or they may last much longer. If you have severe vertigo, your symptoms may be constant and last for several days, making normal life very difficult.

Other symptoms are :

  • Loss of balance – which can make it difficult to stand or walk
  • Feeling sick or being sick
  • Dizziness

Causes of vertigo :

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) – where certain head movements trigger vertigo
  • Migraines – severe headaches
  • Labyrinthitis – an inner ear infection
  • Vestibular neuronitis – inflammation of the vestibular nerve, which runs into the inner ear and sends messages to the brain that help to control balance

 

Click here for Symptoms of Fatal Disease :

Some respiratory disorders are:

  • Acute bronchitis: This develops suddenly and can occur as a complication of an upper respiratory tract infection, such as a common cold, usually caused by a virus.
  • Pneumonia: Pneumonia causes the smallest parts of the lungs (bronchioles and alveolar tissue) to become inflamed. Pneumonia can be fatal for elderly people, children, and others with lowered or weakened immune systems.
  • Asthma: Asthma attacks are caused by constricted airways. Allergic asthma—a type caused by allergens—often develops in childhood. The number of cases of childhood asthma continues to rise.
  • Tuberculosis: Tuberculosis is a contagious bacterial infection of the lungs. It continues to be a problem for people living in developing countries.

Brain related problems :

There are hundreds of conditions that can affect the brain. Most of them fall within one of five main categories:

  • Brain injuries, such asconcussions
  • Cerebrovascular injuries, such as aneurysms or strokes
  • Brain tumors, such asacoustic neuromas or schwannomas
  • Neurodegenerative disorders, such asdementia, Parkinson’s disease, or Huntington’s disease
  • Psychological conditions, such as anxiety, depression, or schizophrenia

Brain related Symptoms :

The brain is one of your most important body parts, so it’s important to know how to recognize signs that there may be a problem.

Brain injury symptoms

Brain injury symptoms depend on the type and severity of the injury. While they sometimes appear immediately after a traumatic event, they can also show up hours or days later.

General brain injury symptoms may include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Feeling confused or disoriented
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling tired or drowsy
  • Speech problems, including slurring
  • Sleeping more or less than usual
  • Dilation of one or both pupils
  • Fluid draining from your nose or ears
  • Seizures
  • Sensory problems, such as blurry vision or a ringing in your ears
  • Trouble remembering things or difficulty concentrating
  • Mood swings or unusual behavior

Cerebrovascular injury symptoms

Symptoms tend to come on suddenly and include:

  • Severe headache
  • Loss of vision
  • Inability to speak
  • Inability to move or feel a part of the body
  • Drooping face
  • Coma

Brain tumor symptoms

Brain tumor symptoms depend on the size, location, and type of tumor.

General brain tumor symptoms may include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of motor coordination, such as trouble walking
  • Feeling sleepy
  • Feelings of weakness
  • Appetite changes
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Issues with your vision, hearing, or speech
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Mood swings or behavior changes

Neurodegenerative symptoms

Neurodegenerative diseases cause damage to nervous tissue over time, so their symptoms may get worse as time goes on.

General neurodegenerative symptoms include:

  • Memory loss or forgetfulness
  • Changes in mood, personality, or behavior
  • Issues with motor coordination, such as difficulty walking or staying balanced
  • Speech issues, such as slurring or hesitation before speaking

Psychological symptoms

Symptoms of psychological conditions can be very different from person to person, even when they involve the same condition.

Some general symptoms of a psychological condition include:

  • Excessive feelings of fear, worry, or guilt
  • Feeling sad or dejected
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Low energy
  • Extreme stress that gets in the way of daily activities
  • Extreme mood swings
  • Withdrawal from loved ones or activities
  • Delusions or hallucinations
  • Suicidal ideation

Symptoms related to Kidney problems :

Kidney conditions can cause a range of symptoms. Some common ones include:

  • Trouble sleeping
  • Fatigue
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Increased or decreased urination
  • Blood in urine
  • Foamy urine
  • Puffiness around the eyes
  • Foot or ankle swelling
  • Reduced appetite
  • Muscle cramps

If you notice any of these symptoms, contact your doctor. Depending on your symptoms, they may do some kidney function tests to make a diagnosis.

Nose related Symptoms : The most common medical condition related to the nose is nasal congestion. This can be caused by colds or flu, allergies, or environmental factors, resulting in inflammation of the nasal passages. The body’s response to congestion is to convulsively expel air through the nose by a sneeze.

Nosebleeds, known medically as epistaxis, are a second common medical issue of the nose. As many as 60 percent of people report nosebleed experiences, with the highest rates found in children under 10 and adults over 50.

Some Lungs related respiratory disorders are:

  • Acute bronchitis: This develops suddenly and can occur as a complication of an upper respiratory tract infection, such as a common cold, usually caused by a virus.
  • Pneumonia: Pneumonia causes the smallest parts of the lungs (bronchioles and alveolar tissue) to become inflamed. Pneumonia can be fatal for elderly people, children, and others with lowered or weakened immune systems.
  • Asthma: Asthma attacks are caused by constricted airways. Allergic asthma—a type caused by allergens—often develops in childhood. The number of cases of childhood asthma continues to rise.
  • Tuberculosis: Tuberculosis is a contagious bacterial infection of the lungs. It continues to be a problem for people living in developing countries.

Bronchi related Symptoms : When the bronchi become swollen due to irritants or infection, bronchitis results and makes breathing more difficult. Bronchitis sufferers also tend to have much more mucus and phlegm than someone without inflamed bronchi.

There are a number of problems that can develop with the tongue. These include:

  • Nerve damage that inhibits tongue movement and can make speaking and chewing difficult
  • Taste abnormalities caused by damage to the taste buds from infection or injuries, such as burns
  • Pain in the tongue that can be caused by mouth ulcers, anemia, or even mouth cancer.

Stomach :

Because the chemicals in the stomach work due to a subtle balance, many problems can arise with the stomach. Some common conditions related to the stomach include:

  • Indigestion
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Peptic Ulcers
  • Crohn’s disease

Symptoms of Liver :

There are more than 100 types of liver diseases. Many conditions begin as flu-like symptoms and progress to more severe signs of liver damage, such as jaundice\ and dark-colored urine.

Other symptoms of liver problems include:

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Joint pain
  • Stomach discomfort or pain
  • Nose bleeds
  • Abnormal blood vessels on the skin (spider angiomas)
  • Itchy skin
  • Weakness
  • A low sex drive

More serious symptoms include:

  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
  • Confusion and difficulty thinking clearly
  • Abdominal swelling (ascites)
  • Swelling of the legs (edema)
  • Impotence
  • Gynecomastia (when males start to develop breast tissue)
  • Enlarged liver(hepatomegaly)
  • Dark urine
  • Pale-colored stools

If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, see your doctor immediately.

Bones : The most common condition that affects bones is fracture, which occurs when a bone endures such a great impact that it breaks.

Other common conditions that affect the skeletal system include:

  • Osteoporosis: This is a disease in which the bones become fragile and prone to fracture.
  • Leukemia: This is a cancer of the white blood cells.
  • Osteopenia, osteitis deformans, and osteomalacia: Similar to osteoporosis, these are other types of bone loss.
  • Scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis: These are abnormalities of the spinal curve.

Gallbladder :

An excess of cholesterol, bilirubin, or bile salts can cause gallstones to form. Gallstones are generally small, hard deposits inside the gallbladder that are formed when stored bile crystallizes. A person with gallstones will rarely feel any symptoms until the gallstones reach a certain size, or if the gallstone obstructs the bile ducts. Surgical removal of the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) is the most common way to treat gallstones.

Pancreas : The pancreas is also critical to the production of insulin and glucagon, which regulate glucose levels in the blood. If the pancreas stops producing insulin, this leads to diabetes and a number of associated health issues.

Other problems that concern the pancreas include pancreatic cancer. This is a particularly hard cancer to spot since the tumor generally is not palpable (it can’t be felt) due to the positioning of the pancreas. People with pancreatic cancer generally only start to display symptoms when the tumor becomes large enough to interfere with its neighboring organs.

Mascular  related Symptoms :

Muscle pain is a common issue that can signal numerous problems, even if it’s something as simple as overuse. Some muscular disorders and conditions that affect muscles include:

  • Muscle pain
  • Sprains and strains
  • Bruising
  • Cramping
  • Myopathy
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Multiple sclerosis

Proper nutrition and exercise is important to keeping all muscles healthy, whether they are cardiac, smooth, or skeletal.

Cervix of the Uterus : Cancer sometimes develops in the cervix of uterus. Dysplasia is a fully treatable pre-cancer condition of the cervix diagnosed via a pap smear. If dysplasia isn’t diagnosed and treated, cervical cancer, which is usually caused by the human papilloma virus, begins to spread. 

 

Click here for Symptoms of Serious disease :

Listed are signs and symptoms that could indicate a serious health condition, and you should see a doctor if you experience any symptoms of concern. Sometimes, a symptom in one part of the body may be a sign of a problem in another part of the body. Moreover, unrelated symptoms that might be minor on their own could be warning signs of a more serious medical disease or condition. Listen to your body, note all symptoms, and share them in detail with your doctor.

Signs of a heart attack include pain, pressure, squeezing, or feeling of fullness in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes; pain or discomfort in other areas of the upper body; shortness of breath; cold sweat; nausea; or lightheadedness.

Heart attacks in real life often are not as dramatic as they appear to be in movies. Some early symptoms of a heart attack can happen a month or so before the heart attack.

Before a heart attack, you may experience these symptoms:

  1. Unusual fatigue/low energy
  2. Trouble sleeping
  3. Problems breathing
  4. Indigestion
  5. Anxiety
  6. Back or abdominal pain

During a heart attack, these symptoms may occur:

  1. Pain, uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, or feeling of fullness in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back
  2. Pain or discomfort in other areas of the upper body, including the arms, back, neck, jaw, or stomach
  3. Shortness of breath, with or without chest discomfort

Other symptoms are:

  1. Breaking out in a cold sweat
  2. Nausea and/or vomiting,
  3. Lightheadedness

Women also experience chest pain or discomfort, but also are more likely than men to experience

  1. Shortness of breath,
  2. Nausea/vomiting, and
  3. Back or jaw pain.

Signs of a stroke include facial drooping, arm weakness, difficulty with speech, rapidly developing dizziness or balance, sudden numbness or weakness, loss of vision, confusion, or severe headache.

Signs of a stroke happen suddenly and are different from signs of a heart attack.

  1. Face drooping
  2. Arm weakness
  3. Speech difficulty
  4. Time to call Doctor

Other signs and symptoms of stroke to watch for include:

  1. Sudden or rapidly developing problems with sight
  2. Sudden or rapidly developing problems with dizziness, balance, and coordination
  3. Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arms, or legs
  4. Sudden confusion or trouble understanding
  5. Sudden inability to say the right word, incoherent speech, or slurred speech
  6. Severe headache with no known cause

Symptoms of reproductive health problems include bleeding or spotting between periods; itching, burning, or irritation genital area; pain or discomfort during sex; heavy or painful menstrual bleeding; severe pelvic/abdominal pain; unusual vaginal discharge; feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen; and frequent urination or urinary urgency.

In women, there are numerous conditions that can affect the reproductive system, such as cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, infertility, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STDs) and more.

Symptoms of female reproductive and hormonal health problems include:

  1. Bleeding or spotting between periods
  2. Itching, burning, or irritation (including bumps, blisters, or sores) of the vagina or genital area
  3. Pain or discomfort during sex
  4. Excessively heavy bleeding or severe pain with periods
  5. Severe pelvic/abdominal pain
  6. A change in vaginal discharge (amount, color or odor)
  7. Feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen
  8. Frequent urination or feeling of urgency to urinate
  9. Lower back pain
  10. Pelvic Pain
  11. Known reproductive problems such as infertility, past miscarriages or early labor
  12. Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, thumbs, or toes
  13. Baldness or thinning hair
  14. Acne, oily skin, or dandruff
  15. Patches of thickened dark brown or black skin

If you experience any of the above symptoms, see your doctor to determine the cause.

Symptoms of breast problems include nipple discharge, unusual breast tenderness or pain, breast or nipple skin changes, or lump or thickening in or near breast or in the underarm area.

A woman has a 1 in 8 chance of developing breast cancer in her lifetime. However, though many breast problems are not cancer-related, they do require prompt evaluation.

Signs and symptoms of breast problems include:

  1. Nipple discharge (could be milky, yellowish, greenish, or brownish)
  2. Unusual breast tenderness or pain
  3. Breast or nipple skin changes, such as ridges, dimpling, pitting, swelling, redness, or scaling
  4. Lump or thickening in or near the breast or underarm area
  5. Inverted nipples

If you experience any of these breast problem symptoms, see a health-care professional for evaluation.

Symptoms of lung problems include coughing up blood, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, chronic cough, repeated bouts of bronchitis or pneumonia, and wheezing.

Lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, asthma, and other diseases of the lungs can be serious and should be addressed.

Symptoms of serious lung problems include:

  1. Coughing up blood
  2. Severe wheezing
  3. Difficulty breathing

If you have any of the above symptoms, go to an emergency room right away or call Doctor.

Other symptoms of lung problems include:

  1. Persistent, chronic cough that gets worse over time
  2. Repeated bouts of bronchitis or pneumonia
  3. Chronic mucus production (phlegm)
  4. Chronic chest pain, especially discomfort which gets worse when you inhale or cough

Contact a health-care professional to discuss your symptoms.

Symptoms of stomach or digestive problems include rectal bleeding, blood in the stool or black stools, changes in bowel habits or not being able to control bowels, constipation, diarrhea, heartburn or acid reflux, or vomiting blood.

The digestive system runs all the way from your mouth, through the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, to the anus. It also includes the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder. Problems with any of these organs can affect your daily life.

Symptoms of stomach or digestive problems include:

  1. Bleeding from the rectum (rectal bleeding)
  2. Blood or mucus in the stool (including diarrhea) or black stools
  3. Change in bowel habits or not being able to control your bowels
  4. Constipation and/or diarrhea
  5. Heartburn or acid reflux (a burning feeling in the throat or mouth)
  6. Pain or feeling of fullness in the stomach
  7. Unusual abdominal swelling, bloating, or general discomfort
  8. Chronic vomiting
  9. Vomiting blood

For any severe symptoms, go to an emergency room or call Doctor. For mild or moderate symptoms, call a health-care professional who may recommend you see a gastroenterologist, a specialist in the digestive system who can help diagnose, manage, or treat your condition.

Symptoms of bladder problems include difficult or painful urination, frequent urination, loss of bladder control, blood in urine, waking frequently at night to urinate or wetting the bed at night, or leaking urine.

Signs and Symptoms of Bladder Problems

Bladder problems can be frustrating and embarrassing, and are not something you should simply “learn to live with,” as they can be signs of a more serious condition. See a health-care professional if you experience any of the following symptoms of bladder problems:

  1. Difficult or painful urination
  2. Frequent urination (more than 8 times daily)
  3. Loss of bladder control
  4. Blood in the urine
  5. Feeling the urge to urinate when the bladder is empty
  6. Waking frequently at night to urinate or wetting the bed at night
  7. Leaking urine when you laugh, cough, sneeze, or exercise

Urologists are doctors that specialize in the function and diseases of the bladder.

Symptoms of skin problems include changes in skin moles, frequent flushing and redness of face and neck, jaundice, skin lesions that don’t go away or heal, new growths or moles on the skin, and thick, red skin with silvery patches.

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the U.S., and one type of skin cancer – melanoma – is particularly deadly. It’s important to know what your skin normally looks like, and notice any signs and symptoms of skin problems including:

  1. Changes in skin moles, such as changes in shape, color or size
  2. Frequent flushing and redness of face and neck
  3. Jaundice (skin and whites of eyes turn yellow)
  4. Painful, crusty, scaling, or oozing skin lesions that don’t go away or heal
  5. Sensitivity to the sun
  6. Small lump on skin that is smooth, shiny, and waxy (red or reddish-brown)
  7. New growths or new moles on the skin
  8. Thick, red skin with silvery patches

See a dermatologist (a skin specialist) to evaluate any skin problems you are experiencing.

Symptoms of muscle or joint problems include persistent muscle pains and body aches that are persistent, for example, numbness or tingling; pain, tenderness, stiffness, swelling, inflammation, or redness in or around joints; and decreased range of motion or loss of function of any joints or muscles.

Signs and Symptoms of Muscle or Joint Disease

Many different diseases and conditions that can affect the muscles and joints. See a doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  1. Muscle pains and body aches that are persistent, or that come and go often
  2. Numbness, tingling (pins and needles sensation) or discomfort in the hands, feet, or limbs
  3. Pain, tenderness, stiffness, swelling, inflammation, or redness in or around joints
  4. Decreased range of motion of the joints
  5. Loss of function of any muscles or joints
  6. Muscle weakness
  7. Decreased grip strength
  8. Excessive fatigue

Your general practitioner may refer you to a specialist if you are experiencing muscle or joint problems. You may be referred to a rheumatologist (specialist in disorders of the joints and autoimmune disorders), an orthopedic physician (specialist in the bones and muscles) or to a physiatrist (specialist in physical medicine and rehabilitation).

Symptoms of emotional problems include anxiety, depression fatigue, feeling tense, flashbacks and nightmares, disinterest in regular activities, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, or delusions.

Note: These symptoms can have a physical cause and are usually treatable.

  1. Anxiety and constant worry
  2. Feeling depressed, empty, sad all the time, or worthless
  3. Extreme fatigue even when rested
  4. Extreme tension that can’t be explained
  5. Flashbacks and nightmares about traumatic events
  6. No interest in getting out of bed or doing regular activities, including eating or having sex
  7. Thoughts about suicide and death
  8. Thoughts of killing others
  9. Seeing or hearing things that aren’t there (hallucinations)
  10. Seeing things differently from what they are (delusions)
  11. “Baby blues” that haven’t gone away two weeks after giving birth and seem to get worse over time
  12. Thoughts about harming yourself or your baby after giving birth

If you feel suicidal or homicidal, seek medical treatment immediately. If you experience any other mental or emotional problems, you may be referred to a psychiatrist, a doctor who specializes in mental illness, and/or a psychologist, who is a counselor who can help you talk about your problems.

Symptoms of headache problems (not including everyday tension headaches) include headaches that come on suddenly, “the worst headache of your life,” and headache associated with severe dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and inability to walk.

Note: This does not include everyday tension headaches.

We all have headaches from time to time, but if headaches are particularly severe or frequent, you may have migraines or another serious type of headache disorder.

Symptoms of serious headache disorders include:

  1. Headache that comes on suddenly
  2. “The worst headache of your life”
  3. Headache associated with severe dizziness/fainting, vomiting, and inability to walk
  4. Headache associated with confusion, seizure, difficulty speaking, or weakness/numbness in the limbs
  5. Severe headache associated with neck stiffness and fever

If you have any of the above symptoms, go to an emergency room right away or call Doctor.

Other symptoms of headache problems include:

  1. Headaches between the eyes
  2. Headaches that last longer than a couple of days
  3. Seeing flashing lights or zigzag lines with temporary vision loss before a headache starts
  4. Spreading pain in the face that starts in one eye
  5. Severe pain on one or both sides of head with nausea or vision problems
  6. Extremely severe headache with pain around the eye with tearing and redness, runny nose, and eyelid droop.
  7. Tell your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms of headache disorders. You may be referred to a headache specialist, usually a neurologist.

Symptoms of eating or weight problems include extreme thirst, dehydration, excessive hunger, losing weight without trying, binging, vomiting, starvation, preoccupation with food and weight, distorted body image, compulsive exercise, abuse of laxatives or diet pills, and depression.

Most of us gain or lose some weight from time to time, and this is usually normal. For some people who have eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia nervosa, a preoccupation with weight becomes a serious medical issue.

Signs and symptoms of eating or weight problems include:

  1. Extreme thirst, dehydration, or hunger
  2. Losing weight without trying or abnormal weight loss
  3. Desire to binge on food excessively
  4. Desire to vomit on purpose
  5. Desire to starve (not eat at all)
  6. A preoccupation with food and weight
  7. Distorted body image
  8. Excessive fear of gaining weight
  9. Refusing to eat or eating tiny portions or eating alone
  10. Compulsive exercise
  11. Sensitivity to cold
  12. Menstruation ceases
  13. Abuse of laxatives, diuretics, or diet pills
  14. Depression

Eating disorders are very serious and can lead to severe medical complications, and even death. Tell a health-care professional about your issues with food and weight, or get help if you have a loved one who suffers from these issues. In addition to a doctor who specializes in treating eating disorders, you may need to see a dietician, a psychiatrist, and an eating disorder therapist.

 

“He who cures a disease may be the skillfullest, but he that prevents it is the safest physician.”

“Disease is the biggest money maker in our economy.”

“Nine-tenths of our sickness can be prevented by right thinking plus right hygiene.”

“Medicine heals doubts as well as diseases. “

“Disease is only a healthy response to an unhealthy  environment.”

“From the bitterness of disease man learns the sweetness of health.”

“Every time you eat or drink , you are either feeding disease or fighting it.”

“The preservation of health is easier than the cure of the disease.”

“Health is not valued till sickness comes.”

“Medicine is a science of uncertainty and an art of probability.”

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